University of Manchester scientists were awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics for their work with the material known as graphene. Graphene is a material that has been found to be the thinnest and strongest material known to mankind, according to Popsci. The scientists, Andre Geim and Konstantin Novoselov, isolated graphene from graphite using only a piece of scotch tape.
Graphene is an important discovery because it can be used for everything from being the strongest magnetic field ever to being used as a alternative form of electricity. Who knows what the future holds for this discovery. Three other important discoveries that were awarded Nobel Prizes,are in vitro fertilization, the discovery of DNA’s double-helix, and the discovery of Penicilin.
University of Cambridge scientist Robert G. Edwards was awarded this year with the Nobel Prize in Medicine for developing in vitro fertilization, according to PR Newswire. Edwards began working on this development in the 1950s, and now his work has helped millions of couples who normally would not be able to have babies. Ten percent of all couples are affected by infertility, and because of his work, 4 million IVF babies have been born. No other scientific development has come close to doing what IVF has done for the world. Without it, there would be a lot less life.
James D. Watson and Francis Crick were awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1953 for their discovery of the double helix that makes up DNA, according to the National Library of Medicine. The reason why this discovery was so important and still is is because knowing what our DNA looks like has given way to a billion dollar business in mapping genes and understanding how genes work. Without their discovery, we would be nowhere near where we are now in mapping the genetic code.
Alexander Fleming, Howard Florey, and Ernst Chain were awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for the discovery of penicillin, according to About.com. Fleming accidentally discovered it when mold grew in one of his many Petri dishes and killed another bacteria that was in there. Florey and Chain made it into the drug that is used today. Without this important discovery, many people would have died because of the diseases that it is able to cure. It has been used to treat bacterial infections in minor wounds, diphtheria, gangrene, pneumonia, syphilis, and tuberculosis.
All of these discoveries have been important in their fields, and each year we are getting closer and closer to understanding our world.